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 Frequently Asked Question (FAQ)

1. What is First Information Report (FIR)?

FIR stands for First Information Report. Whenever anybody reports about any crime which discloses cognizable offence then information is entered into a register whose Performa is as per form no-24.5 (I) of Punjab Police Rule. It is the right of complainant to get a copy of First Information Report (FIR) free of cost, immediately from concerned police station. FIR can be registered either on written statement or verbal statement of complainant which is later reduced in writing by police officer and is signed by the complainant. If your complaint does not disclose any offence or your complaint discloses only non-cognizable offence, then FIR can not be registered.

2. What to do if the Police Station refuses to register the FIR ?

If the Police Station refuses to register FIR, than Free FIR can be register at Hassle Free FIR counter at CPRC branch SSP office or substance of information in writing can be sent by post to the SSP Rupnagar.

Are any kind of fee or charges to be paid to police for  registration of FIR ?
OR
Is the complainant entitled to a free copy of the FIR ?

Absolutely not. Police is not to be paid any fee or money for registering the FIR and   subsequent investigation. If anybody in the police station makes such a demand, a complaint should immediately be made to the senior police officer as mentioned above. OR
Yes, definitely. As per Criminal Procedure Code (Cr.PC) it is mandatory on the part of police to provide a copy of the FIR, free of cost to the complainant.
Is it an offence to register/lodge false FIR ?
Yes. Lodging of a false FIR/complaint is punishable under IPC. Such an informant/complainant can be proceeded against under section 182 IPC or under section 211 IPC, by police. Private person against whom false FIR/complaint has been lodged can also  file complaint in the court for the offence of defamation.

3. What is DDR (ROZNAMCHA)?

In such cases where only non-cognizable offence is made out, Police officer will enter the substance of information in the daily diary of Police Station and give copy of same to complainant. Another copy of complaint is sent to the concerned judicial magistrate for further action. Police does not have powers to investigate a non-cognizable offence without the orders of the magistrate.

4. What is cognizable offence ?

An offence for which a police officer has the powers to arrest without a warrant is defined as a cognizable offence. Offences like murder, rape, kidnapping, theft, robbery, fraud etc. are classified as cognizable. To get detailed list of cognizable offence kindly refer to first schedule of Criminal Procedure Code.

5. What is Non cognizable offence?

Other offences like simple hurt, verbal abuse, intimidation, defamation, etc. are non cognizable offence. In such cases where only non cognizable offence is made out, Police does not have the power to arrest or investigate without the orders of the court. Police officer will enter the substance of information in Roznamcha of the police station and give copy of same to the complainant.

6. What is bailable Offence ?

Bailable Offences are those offences where the accused has the right to get himself released on bail after his arrest if he can give sureties or personal bond to the satisfaction of the police officer. For the list of bailable offences please refer to first schedule of Criminal Procedure code.

7. What is Non bailable offence?

Non-bailable offences are such offences where the police does not have power to release arrested person on bail. The arrested person is to be produced before the judicial magistrate within 24 hours of the arrest. For the list of non-bailable offences please refer to first schedule of Criminal Procedure Code.

8. Whether a police officer can arrest a person without warrant?

Yes, a police officer can arrest a person without warrant if he has been involved in any cognizable offence.

9. Whether a police officer can search a person/place without a search warrant?

Yes, a police officer can search for the person/place without search warrant under certain conditions.

10. What is CPRC?

With a view to improve service delivery system, Community Oriented Schemes are implemented through Community Policing Resource Center (CPRC) located SSP Office Nawanshahr. Many facilities under one roof are available at the CPRC.

11. What are the facilities at CPRC, Rupnagar?

Counseling for Matrimonial Disputes. Children's Counseling, Counseling of victims, Information about status of Public complaints, Passports, Police clearance certificate, Arms license and job verifications. Window to receive public complaints. First Aid Facility. Implementation of National Solatium Fund Scheme. Enquiries about Migration of Youth. Security. Drug de-addiction centre. Free legal aid Traffic Awareness Material.

12. What is National Solatium Fund scheme?

Under Motor Vehicle Act 1988 compensation is given to victims of hit and run accident cases through National Solatium Fund Scheme, 1989. Amount of compensation in respect of death shall be a fixed rupees fifty thousand and in respect of disablement of any person shall be a fixed rupees twenty-five thousand. In case of claims arising out of the death; the payment shall be made to the legal representative of the deceased. In case of claims arising out of grievous hurt, the payment shall be made to the person injured.

13. What is Police Remand?

Whenever any person is arrested and detained in custody and investigation could not be completed with in 24 hours & there is a accusation or information is well founded then the police officer produces him before the magistrate who authorizes the police officers to detain the accused. In such custody to investigate, recover articles connecting to crime. Police remand cannot be extended more than 15 days as whole.

14. What is Judicial Remand?

When a person is in the custody of the court after the expiry of Police remand or if Police remand is not granted when the person is produced before the magistrate, it can not be given more than 15 days at one time but can not be extended more then 60 days where punishment is less then 10 years and 90 days where punishment is more than 10 years.

15. What is Custodial Interrogation?

Is all the same as the Police remand but the custodial interrogation can be sought with the permission of court even when the person is in judicial custody. So when the interrogation of the accused is conducted, by taking the accused in Police custody.

16. What is Free Legal aid ?

To Promote justice, free legal aid is provided by the Distt. Legal Services Authority Rupnagar headed by Distt. and Session Judge Rupnagarto a person, if he is: a. a member of a Scheduled Caste or Schedule Tribe : b. a victim of trafficking in human being or begar as referred to in article 23 of the Constitution ; c. a woman or a child ; d. a mentally ill or otherwise disabled person : e. a person under circumstances of undeserved want such as being a victim of a mass disaster, ethnic violence, caste atrocity, flood, drought, earthquake or industrial disaster; or f. an industrial workman : or g in custody, including custody in a protective home within the meaning of clause (g) of section 2 of the Immoral Traffic (Prevention).

17. What is Zebra Crossing ?

Parallel strips 50cm wide at crossings or main roads. The Pedestrian has first right at these places i.e other traffic must slow down knowing that Pedestrian might cross and should stop to let pedestrians cross.

18. What is signified by blinking yellow light ?

Slow down ! traffic will be joining the road.

19. Why should reflector be used on Tractor Trolley's and in rickshaws and cycles?

Reflectors give a bright reflection alerting drivers of vehicle, about cycle rickshaw moving ahead.

20. How to overtake properly?

Assess the situation while driving ÂDeclare your intention while driving ÂConfirm action 1. Assess the situation Vehicle B wants to overtake vehicle A. Assess the situation in front of him i.e. look at road signs whether any right or left side road is joining or there is a narrow bridge or vehicle.

21. Is it mandatory to have a Motor Vehicle insurance?

Chapter XI Sec 146 of MV Act 1988 made it mandatory for motorist to take insurance to cover liabilities.

22. What should you do for avoiding challans ?

Do not use tinted glasses/black films or tinted films in glasses of four wheelers. ÂDo not use cell phones while in driving seat or driving vehicles.  Wear Helmets, while driving.  Do not Jump red lights.  Avoid triple riding.  Always carry following documents :  Driving license ÂRegistration certificate  Comprehensive insurance  Pollution free certificate  Fitness certificate (in case of commercial vehicle  Route permit.

23. In case of road accident to whom we report ?

You can convey the information of accident to the nearest Police Station and Police post.

24. How can we get First aid in case of Accident on Road ?

Life of every one is precious. You can approach for first aid to first aid Police Posts on G.T. Road, Hospitals Public/Private dispensaries.

25. In case of accident, injured person to be helped for first aid or wait for Police?

You can help to the injured person for first aid before arrival of the Police. It is not prohibited by law to extend help by public for first aid to the injured person.

26. Can registering authority refuse to register or renew certificate of registration in respect of a vehicle?

Yes, if the registering authority has reason to believe that it is a stolen motor vehicle or the vehicle is mechanically defective or fails to comply with the requirements of motor vehicle act.

27. What is Lok Adalat?

Lok Adalat means people's court. It is an informal system of dispute resolution and is the expeditious method to settle the matters. It provides speedy, conciliatory and cheap justice. Every award of Lok Adalat is deemed to be a decree of a Civil Court or as the case may be and every award made by a Lok Adalat shall be final and binding on all the parties to the dispute and no appeal shall lie to any court against the award. Cases can be referred for consideration of Lok Adalat : By consent of both parties to the disputes.

28. Why Police does not remove encroachments from public lands when complained about it ?

Police is not empowered to remove encroachments from public lands under any law. It is the job of the agency entrusted with the administration of the land. The job of the police is to provide police assistance for maintaining law and order when sought by such agencies.

Whoever, in contravention of any section of this act, or of any rule notification or given there under or order made, or of any license, permit or pass granted under this act.

a. Imports, exports, transports, manufactures, collects or possesses any intoxicant or
b. constructs or works any distillery or brewery.
c. uses, keeps or has in his possession any material, utensils, implements or apparatus whatsoever for the purpose of manufacturing any intoxicant shall be punishable for every such offence with imprisonment for terms which may extend to three years and fine upto two thousand rupees.

 
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